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TN Must Allow Vote by Mail for All     06/05 06:26


   NASHVILLE, Tenn. (AP) -- Tennessee must give all of its 4.1 million 
registered voters the option to cast ballots by mail during the coronavirus 
pandemic, a judge ruled Thursday.

   Davidson County Chancellor Ellen Hobbs Lyle ruled that the state's limits on 
absentee voting during the pandemic constitute "an unreasonable burden on the 
fundamental right to vote guaranteed by the Tennessee Constitution." The judge 
wrote that any eligible voter can get an absentee ballot to avoid contracting 
or passing on COVID-19 in the "upcoming elections during the pendency of 
pandemic circumstances."

   The decision upends a determination by Republican Secretary of State Tre 
Hargett's office that fear of catching or unwittingly spreading the virus at 
the polls wouldn't qualify someone to vote by mail, The state argued such an 
expansion wouldn't be feasible for the 2020 elections, claiming lack of money, 
personnel and equipment for increased voting by mail, among other concerns.

   The decision requires the state to "prominently post on their websites and 
disseminate to County Election Officials that voters who do not wish to vote 
in-person due to the COVID-19 virus situation are eligible to request an 
absentee ballot by mail or that such voters still have the option to vote 
in-person during Early voting or on Election Day."

   The judge wrote that the state has taken an "unapologetic" position and has 
relied on "oddly skewed" assumptions -- including assuming preparations for 
100% of registered voters to vote absentee if all were allowed -- that go 
against its own expert and industry standards. Eleven other states, meanwhile, 
have taken a "can-do approach" by relaxing voting by mail restrictions for the 
2020 election, while two-thirds of states have allowed vote by mail for 
everyone for years, Lyle wrote.

   "When, however, normal industry-recognized assumptions are used, the 
evidence establishes that the resources are there to provide temporary expanded 
access to voting by mail in Tennessee during the pandemic if the State provides 
the leadership and motivation as other states have done," the judge wrote.

   Hargett spokeswoman Julia Bruck indicated that the fight is expected to head 
for an appeal. The attorney general's office blasted the court's decision as 
failing to appropriately consider the "extensive safety measures" within the 
state's COVID-19 election plan.

   "It is yet another court decision replacing legislation passed by the 
people's elected officials with its own judgment, largely ignoring the 
practicalities of implementing such a decision, and doing so in the midst of a 
pandemic and budget crisis," Attorney General Herbert Slatery said in a 

   Tennessee has more than a dozen categories that qualify someone for an 
absentee ballot, from being sick to being 60 or older.

   The Republican-led Legislature and GOP Gov. Bill Lee have dismissed the idea 
of offering absentee ballots to all voters, with lawmakers voting against 
Democratic expansion proposals more than once this week as they meet during 
pandemic times.

   Instead, state election officials have recommended preparations as though 
all 1.4 million registered voters 60 and older -- about 1 of every 3 registered 
voters -- will cast mail-in ballots in the Aug. 6 primary. Historically, 
Tennessee has historically seen less than 2.5% of votes cast by mail, the state 
has said.

   Several states who have refused have been sued, including Texas, where a 
federal judge last month ordered absentee voting be made available to any voter 
in the pandemic.

   Tennessee's voter turnout was 14% in the August 2016 primary, then almost 
62% for the November 2016 general election, featuring the presidential 
election. In the 2018 non-presidential year, about 30% of registered voters 
turned out for the August primary, and 54% in the November election.

   Tennessee's August election will be another test case as U.S. states try to 
safely prepare for the fall general election highlighted by the re-election bid 
of President Donald Trump, who has been staunchly against opening up absentee 
voting to everyone during the pandemic.

   The state court lawsuits were led by #UpTheVote901 and by the American Civil 
Liberties Union of Tennessee.

   "This is a major victory for voting rights, said Dale Ho, director of the 
ACLU's Voting Rights Project. "This ruling eliminates the excuse requirement 
for the 2020 elections, meaning Tennesseans will not have to risk their health 
in order to vote."

   The Lawyers' Committee for Civil Rights Under Law and the Campaign Legal 
Center have filed a similar federal lawsuit.

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